What is a church facade?

What is the name of the entrance of a church?

nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).

What is the front of a cathedral called?

Narthex: The entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave. Nave: The primary area of public observance of the Mass. It is generally the largest space, and located between the narthex and sanctuary.

What are the external features of a church?

the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist. the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from. the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons. a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.

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What is the side of a church called?

The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church.

What is the cross on top of a church called?

The Christian cross, with or without a figure of Christ included, is the main religious symbol of Christianity. A cross with a figure of Christ affixed to it is termed a crucifix and the figure is often referred to as the corpus (Latin for “body”).

What is the room behind the altar called?

sacristy, also called vestry, in architecture, room in a Christian church in which vestments and sacred objects used in the services are stored and in which the clergy and sometimes the altar boys and the choir members put on their robes.

What is the ceiling of a church called?

Vault (architecture) – Wikipedia.

What is the room in a church called?

chapel. noun. a separate room or area within a church where people can go to pray or worship on their own.

What is the attic of a church called?

4 Choir Loft

In some churches, a raised area above the sanctuary, or a set of risers behind the sanctuary may be occupied by the choir. This area is called a “choir loft” and was originally used for the choir to sing responses to the mass with the congregation.

What are the three parts of the church?

Churches Militant, Penitent, and Triumphant – Wikipedia.

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What are the spikes on churches called?

In architecture, a steeple is a tall tower on a building, topped by a spire and often incorporating a belfry and other components. Steeples are very common on Christian churches and cathedrals and the use of the term generally connotes a religious structure.

Why do churches face east?

History. The first Christians faced east when praying, likely an outgrowth of the ancient Jewish custom of praying in the direction of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. Due to this established custom, Tertullian says some non-Christians thought they worshipped the sun.

What is a church basement called?

A crypt (from Latin crypta “vault”) is a stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building. It typically contains coffins, sarcophagi, or religious relics.

What is the balcony called in a church?

A pulpit is a raised stand for preachers in a Christian church. The origin of the word is the Latin pulpitum (platform or staging). The traditional pulpit is raised well above the surrounding floor for audibility and visibility, accessed by steps, with sides coming to about waist height.

What is the table at the front of the church called?

The Lord’s Table (also known as the Altar or Communion Table) usually occupies a prominent place within a church, often being placed at the eastern end of the building. It is usually distinguished from the rest of the church, often by altar rails placed in front of it.