By now, you probably know the drill. If you are new to this, this series, as you may have deciphered, is an outline of the entire Bible, book by good ol’ book. If you want to truly know your King, you can follow this link to read all of the current portions to date!
Previously in 1 Samuel…The life and fall of Eli, the high priest, and his household happened just as the Lord provided new leadership through Samuel and his household. During Samuel’s time, the Israelites came to a huge shifting point when they demanded a king, which was a desire fostered by their observance of other nations. This was a blatant rejection of the Lord as their King, but He was gracious and merciful to grant their request. So, a man named Saul was crowned “King” of Israel, and his anointing brought the time of the Judges to an end. Saul was clearly infused by the power of the Spirit, and the Lord used him to deliver the Israelites from the Philistines. However, we start to see a slow fade in Saul, and his dependence and trust in the Lord slowly turned into to trust in men and his own wisdom! This ended in the Lord “regretting” that He had made Saul King, and He promised to raise another in his place. David, the son of Jesse and descendant of Ruth, was appointed King, and from that point on Saul’s spirit was tormented, and his heart was pitted against David. However, Saul’s son, Jonathan, simultaneously grew to adore David. Ironically, David became a key player in Saul’s closest council, and despite Saul’s attempts to destroy/kill him, David always came on top! Eventually, David fled from Saul’s presence with the help of Jonathan, and we read that he was empowered to defeat the Philistines and that he married Abigail and Ahinoam while on the lam. The Lord granted him multiple opportunities to take Saul’s life as Saul pursued him, but David willingly spared the life of Saul on multiple occasions. It seemed as though this put to rest the feud between Saul and David for good. However, Saul is again convince to pursue David, and David is forced to flee to live with the Philistines, ironically. David found favor in the sight of the enemy, and Saul eventually faced the spirit of Samuel who told him of his demise, which we see come to fruition at the end of the book when Saul and his sons die in battle.
BEFORE READING MORE – It would be ideal if you read the chapters to be discussed prior to looking through the outline! This week we are covering 2 Samuel 1 – 8.
2 SAMUEL – The second book of Samuel chronicles the majority of David’s life as King of Israel. From the death of Saul to David’s old age, we get a compact snapshot of all that David faced and did for the Lord. In the first book of Samuel we saw David’s anointing as king, but we also saw grave opposition from Saul, the current ruler, which took the form of relentless pursuit. David showed great character as Saul constantly tried to take his life, and he was established as a man after God’s own heart. In 2 Samuel he finally takes on the mantle of King, but the man after God’s own heart was far from perfect. Amongst his countless victories and empowered rule as King, we also see clear failings (sin). Those failings had frightening consequences, but the Lord was faithful to see through them and to hold fast to the promise to establish David’s kingdom forever! The book introduces many characters including Nathan, the prophet, Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, Joab, David’s general, Bathsheba, Uriah’s wife, Absalom, Solomon, and many more! All of these men and women play an important role in defining the heart of man towards God and the propensity of the same to sin, and we also see the terrible consequences of allowing the fruit of sin to come forth. But above all, we are constantly reminded of the Lord’s faithfulness and power to redeem all no matter the circumstance.
- 2 Samuel 1 | David mourns the death of Saul and Jonathan: At the end of 1 Samuel, David was attacking the Amalekites because they had raided his city, and Saul and his sons were overcome and killed by the Philistines. After David claimed victory over the Amalekites, he encountered a man from Saul’s camp who informed him of Saul’s death. In fact, the man claimed to have seen Saul still alive, although he fell upon his own spear, and he killed Saul at the injured king’s desperate request. David did not rejoice at the demise of Saul and Jonathan. Instead, he tore his clothes, fasted with all his men, and put to death the man who struck down the Lord’s anointed. David genuinely lamented over the death of the Lord’s anointed and he praised them with his words, which clearly displayed his gracious heart. He lamented the death of the one who, for so long, sought to destroy him!
- 2 Samuel 2-4 | David is anointed king over Judah, Abner makes Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, king over Israel, the two kings war, Abner attempts to join David, David asks him to bring him Michal, his first wife, Joab murders Abner, Ishbosheth is murdered, the conflict between the house of Saul and the house of David ends: After the death of Saul, there was much turmoil amongst the Israelites. David was anointed king over Judah, and in return, Abner, the commander of Saul’s army, made Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, king over the rest of Israel, which caused the contention between the two houses to continue. There proceeded a wild chain of events that begins in Chapter 2. Abner and Joab, David’s nephew and commander, partook in a fierce battle. Joab and Davids men defeated Abner, and Asahel, Joab’s brother, pursued him as he fled. Eventually Abner murdered Asahel because he would not give up the pursuit. After that blew over, we see Abner and Ish-bosheth have a heated exchange because Abner took one of Saul’s concubines. This, for some reason, caused Abner to completely deny Ish-bosheth and seek to join David. Abney and David discuss the venture and David requests that he first bring back Michal. After talking with David about doing so, Joab intercepted Abner before he could get too far, and he murdered him for the death of his brother, Asahel. David and his men mourned the death of Abner, and Ish-bosheth lost his courage, which threw all of Israel into a tizzy. As if all that had happened was not enough, some men thought that murdering Ish-bosheth was what David would want. They murdered Saul’s son, and they took his head to David. David did not respond as they had hoped, and instead of welcoming them with open arms, he put them to death for their evil deed. As crazy as it seems, this wild chain of events, which seem filled with a whole lot of foolishness, effectively ended the feud between the house of David and the house of Saul for good, and it eventually led to Chapter 5 and the anointing of David as King over all of Israel.
- 2 Samuel 5 | David is finally anointed King, he conquers and establishes Zion, the city of David, and he is immediately empowered to strike down the Philistines: First of all, we learn that David was only 30 years old when he was anointed king! WOW! In Chapter 5, after the feud was finally over, we see all of Israel’s tribes and elders come to David and make a covenant with him anointing him king over Israel.
Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and flesh.” | 2 Samuel 5:1
That verse is so intriguing because of Genesis 2:23. Adam calls Eve “bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh”, and Israel claims to David, their King, that they are his “bone and flesh”. The unity of husband and wife is tied to the unity of Israel and her King, which, no doubt, testifies to the unity between Christ and the church! After being anointed, David’s status is clearly proven because he became “greater and greater, for the Lord, the God of hosts was with him.” He goes out and conquers the stronghold of Zion from the Jebusites and establishes it as the city of David, or Jerusalem. Unfortunately, when David took on more concubines and wives, we see a glimpse of his weakness as we saw in 1 Samuel 25. Despite the sin, the Lord still used David mightily, and that was clearly displayed as David easily defeated the Philistines that gathered against him after learning of his anointing. After inquiring of the Lord first, he is able to strike them down swiftly!
- 2 Samuel 6 | David brings the ark back to Jerusalem, Uzzah is struck down for touching the ark, Michal despises David’s joy before the Lord, and she is punished: For a very long time, Israel had been in turmoil. There was much warring among the people of Israel, and consequently, there was not a lot of order. If you recall back in 1 Samuel, the ark of the covenant had been captured by the Philistines and then hurriedly returned to the Israelites. In 1 Samuel 7, we learned that the ark was housed with Abinadab in Kiriath-jearim. Abinadab’s sons, Uzzah and Ahio, drove the ark with David and 30,000 men of Israel towards Zion, the city of David. As they were celebrating before the Lord, the oxen stumbled and Uzzah reached out to take hold of the ark. Unfortunately the anger of the Lord was kindled and Uzzah was killed. This caused David to hesitate in bringing the ark to Zion, and he decided to leave it at the house of Obed-edom for some time. When David learned that Obed-edom’s household had been blessed because of the ark, he then felt compelled to continue the journey, sacrificing an ox and a fattened animal every 6 steps! David continued to dance and be filled with joy before the Lord, and Michal, Saul’s daughter and David’s first wife, despised that joy. She confronted David, and essentially accused him of making a fool of himself, and David responded by saying that he would gladly be abased in her eyes for it was honorable to before the Lord and in the eyes of others. Michal was barren from that day on. This chapter is particularly awesome because David dances and music is played in celebration before the Lord, and although some did not comprehend it, it was honorable nonetheless!
- 2 Samuel 7-8 | David, Nathan, and the Lord discuss a permanent resting place for the ark, the Lord makes an everlasting covenant with David, David responds with gratitude, and David continues to defeat his enemies and rule Israel with justice and equity: Finally David and Israel seems to find a moment of rest. Chapter 7 is a pivotal chapter in understanding the expanse of the Word of God as a whole. In his rest, David had a desire to establish a “house of cedar” for the ark of God. After all, he himself lived in a home, so why would the ark of God be confined to a tent? Nathan is then directed by the Lord to speak countless prophetic words to David, which have all come true.
He encouraged David and promised to make him a great name.
He promised to appoint a place for the Israelites so that they would not be disturbed anymore.
He promised to raise David’s offspring who would establish a house for the Lord.
He promised to establish his kingdom forever and to discipline him when iniquity is committed, but he promised never to leave him as he had left Saul.
And finally, He promised to establish David’s throne forever.
David could do nothing but respond in complete humility and gratitude:
Then King David went in and sat before the Lord and said,”Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my house, that you have brought me thus far?…And now, O Lord God, you are God, and your words are true, and you have promised this good thing to your servant. Now therefore may it please you to bless the house of your servant, so that it may continue forever before you. For you, O Lord God, have spoken, and with your blessing shall the house of your servant be blessed forever.” | 2 Samuel 7:18, 27-29
After such a wonderfully prophetic exchange, David continued to have perfect success over all the enemies of Israel. He subdued them and dedicated the silver and gold to the Lord. The Lord gave him victory wherever he went, and David “administered justice and equity to all his people.” Finally, in stark contrast to Saul who had sought the wisdom of men first (1 Samuel 14), it becomes clear that David clearly sought the wisdom of the Lord first and depended on his men second, which is essential for any king (or priests, like us).