By now, you probably know the drill. If you are new, this series, as you may have deciphered, is an outline of the entire Bible, book by good ol’ book. If you want to truly know your King, you can follow this link to read all of the current portions to date!
Previously in 1 Chronicles… After we see Israel fall to the Assyrian empire and Judah to the Babylonian empire, we come to the book of 1 Chronicles. The first 8 chapters of the book describe the genealogies of the children of Israel with particular focus on establishing the 12 tribes, the lineage of David through Seth, Noah, and Judah, and the lineage of Saul. This is a reminder to the exiled Israelites of their past, and it sets the stage to describe the events that unfolded during the lives of King Saul and King David.
BEFORE READING MORE – It would be ideal if you read the chapters to be discussed prior to looking through the outline! This week we are covering 1 Chronicles 9 – 14.
1 CHRONICLES – After reading the history of Israel and Judah from Genesis through 1st and 2nd Kings, we come to 1 Chronicles. At the end of 2 Kings, we are left with the 10 tribes of Israel under the captivity of Assyria, and the tribes of Judah (Judah, Benjamin, and the Levites) under Babylonian captivity. The Book of 1 Chronicles rehashes the genealogies established from Genesis to 2 Kings. It seems as though the book is written as a refresher or reminder of the history of the captive nation with a particular focus on the lineage of David within the nation of Judah. In 1 Chronicles we learn of the line of David and the descendants of all 12 tribes traced all the way back to Adam, but there is particular emphasis on David, no doubt because the Lord had established his kingdom forever! After the genealogies, the history lesson begins with death of Saul and the anointing of David as King over Israel. The reminder continues in great detail throughout this chapter till the point of David’s death and Solomon’s anointing as King in his place.
- 1 Chronicles 9 | Judah’s captivity – the Israelites return – Saul’s genealogy and lineage: We clearly see the reason for the captivity of Judah (and no doubt, Israel as well) here:
And Judah was taken into exile in Babylon because of their breach of faith. | 1 Chronicles 9:1
So it was a breach of faith that led them to captivity, but we learn that eventually the Israelites, priests and Levites returned to the cities that they once possessed. In great detail the chapter continues through the list of descendants that returned to Jerusalem and the promised land. At the end of the chapter we are reminded again of Saul’s genealogy from the tribe of Benjamin which lived in the land of Gibeon, and with that we are kicked off into a wonderful history lesson.
- 1 Chronicles 10 | (1 Samuel) Saul is killed by the Philistines – David is given the kingdom: This chapter reminds us of Saul’s gruesome death. After being wounded in battle with the Philistines, Saul kills himself by falling on his own sword to avoid capture by the enemy. His sons, Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchi-shua, suffer death as well by the hand of the Philistines. Again, it is made very clear why this happened:
So Saul Died for his breach of faith. He broke faith with the Lord in that he did not keep the command of the Lord, and also consulted a medium, seeking guidance. He did not seek guidance from the Lord. Therefore the Lord put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse. | 1 Chronicles 10:13-14
We see Saul’s demise because of his “breach of faith” and we are left with the newly anointed King David over the kingdom of Israel.
- 1 Chronicles 11 | (2 Samuel) Israel gathers and proclaims David as King – David and Israel recapture Jerusalem – Joab becomes David’s commander – the mighty men of David are detailed: After the death of Saul we are reminded that Israel proclaimed David as their “bone and flesh;” they proclaimed and anointed him as King! As King, David immediately recaptured Jerusalem from the Jebusites as we read in 2 Samuel 5, and Joab established himself as commander after he answered David’s call to strike the Jebusites first. The end of the chapter describes the mighty men of David who stood with him, some even before Saul’s death. David had 3 in particular who were known for their amazing feats – Eleazar, Jashobeam, and Benaiah. Abishai was another of the mighty men who became commander of the group because of his renown. All of these men did some radical things like standing against and defeating 300 enemy soldiers alone, and at the end of the chapter we read a long list of the remainder of the mighty men of David!
- 1 Chronicles 12 | (1/2 Samuel) David’s mighty men join during his flight from Saul – the army of Israel came together to make David King: In chapter 12 we continue to see details regarding the mighty men of David that are referred to as “the thirty” (there were actually about 37). Their dedication to David as he fled from Saul is documented. Many of them left Saul and went to David, and we see them being led by the Spirit to do so:
And some of the men of Benjamin and Judah came to the stronghold to David. David went out to meet them and said to them, “If you have come to me in friendship to help me, my heart will be joined to you; but if to betray me to my adversaries, although there is no wrong in my hands, then may the God of our fathers see and rebuke you.” Then the Spirit clothed Amasai, chief of the thirty, and he said “We are yours, O David, and with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to your helpers! For your God helps you. | 1 Chronicles 12:16-18
And so the men became officers over all the troops of David. It says that “from day to day men came to David to help him, until there was a great army, like an army of God.” And we clearly see that as the chapter lists out the divisions of troops who joined David to fight Saul, according to the word of the Lord. The troops tallied at around 350,000 men! And so they came with one heart with all of Israel in single mind to make David King.
- 1 Chronicles 13 | (2 Samuel) David returns the Ark to Jerusalem – Uzzah dies for touching the Ark – The Ark is delayed in the house of Obed-edom for 3 months: The Ark is an amazing piece of history. After its brief stint with the Philistines and hurried exit, the Ark was residing with house of Abinadab. So the Israelites with their new King David gloriously went as an assembly to retrieve it. They rejoiced as they began their journey with the precious cargo in tow back to Jerusalem, but unfortunately, we see a glimpse of the Holiness of the Lord and its distinct separation from human logic or fairness. Uzzah reached out to steady the Ark when the oxen had stumbled, and he was immediately struck down for placing his hand on the Ark. This obviously did not make sense and probably frightened David and the people, so we are reminded that the Ark was, for a period of 3 months, left with the Levite Obed-edom before it returned to Jerusalem.
- 1 Chronicles 14 | David’s sons and daughters in Jerusalem – The Lord guides David to strike down the Philistines – David’s renown grows: In this chapter we are reminded of Hiram, the king of Tyre, who helped build David’s house with famous cedars and skilled laborers. At that point David had confidence in his anointing, and we learn of the wives that he took in Jerusalem and the list of additional children that he had, including Solomon. In the latter part of the chapter, we see continued proof of the Lord’s anointing as David is clearly directed by the Lord to strike down the thorn in Saul’s flesh that was the Philistines. Time and time again, the Lord led David to defeat the Philistines, and his victory caused all to know:
And David did as God commanded him, and they struck down the Philistine army from Gibeon to Gezer. And the fame of David went out into all lands, and the Lord brought the fear of him upon all nations. | 1 Chronicles 14:16-17
This is a fitting realization that following the Lord’s commandments may lead to fame and renown, but rarely can it work the other way.
Our exaltation comes through serving the Lord only!