By now, you probably know the drill. If you are new, this series, as you may have deciphered, is an outline of the entire Bible, book by good ol’ book. If you want to truly know your King, you can follow this link to read all of the current portions to date!
Previously in 1 Chronicles… After we see Israel fall to the Assyrian empire and Judah to the Babylonian empire, we come to the book of 1 Chronicles. The first 8 chapters of the book describe the genealogies of the children of Israel with particular focus on establishing the 12 tribes, the lineage of David through Seth, Noah, and Judah, and the lineage of Saul. This is a reminder to the exiled Israelites of their past, and it sets the stage to describe the events that unfolded during the lives of King Saul and King David. The reminder begins with the death of Saul and his sons in battle and the exaltation of David as King by the people of Israel! Last week we were reminded of much of David’s life including his mighty men, his victory over the Philistines, and his attempt to return the ark to Jerusalem. However, we also see a glimpse of the Lord’s incomprehensible holiness as Uzzah was struck down for trying to steady the ark when the oxen holding it stumbled. Frightened by the death of Uzzah, David left the ark outside of Jerusalem in the house of Obed-edom for a period of 3 months.
BEFORE READING MORE – It would be ideal if you read the chapters to be discussed prior to looking through the outline! This week we are covering 1 Chronicles 15 – 20.
1 CHRONICLES – After reading the history of Israel and Judah from Genesis through 1st and 2nd Kings, we come to 1 Chronicles. At the end of 2 Kings, we are left with the 10 tribes of Israel under the captivity of Assyria, and the tribes of Judah (Judah, Benjamin, and the Levites) under Babylonian captivity. The Book of 1 Chronicles rehashes the genealogies established from Genesis to 2 Kings. It seems as though the book is written as a refresher or reminder of the history of the captive nation with a particular focus on the lineage of David within the nation of Judah. In 1 Chronicles we learn of the line of David and the descendants of all 12 tribes traced all the way back to Adam, but there is particular emphasis on David, no doubt because the Lord had established his kingdom forever! After the genealogies, the history lesson begins with death of Saul and the anointing of David as King over Israel. The reminder continues in great detail throughout this chapter till the point of David’s death and Solomon’s anointing as King in his place.
- 1 Chronicles 15 | (2 Samuel) The Levites are appointed over the Ark – the Levites appointed singers – the ark is finally brought into Jerusalem: After a 3-month stint in Obed-edom, the ark of the Lord was ready to be moved into the city of David, but this time around David was a little more cautious. He appointed the Levites with care of the Ark as designated by the Lord. The Levites were also tasked with consecrating themselves before handling the ark, and they were tasked with establishing gatekeepers for the ark and singers amongst their people to sing and play music as the ark was transferred. We finally see the ark triumphantly returned to Jerusalem with trumpets and singing and dancing and rejoicing! Unfortunately we also see that Michal, the daughter of Saul, despised David as he came dancing and celebrating.
- 1 Chronicles 16 | (2 Samuel) David pitched a tent for the Ark’s final resting place – thanksgiving was sung by the appointed Levites: In this chapter the ark is brought into the city finally, but we see it placed in a tent as its final resting place. After returning the Levites are appointed to minister to the ark, and the people of Israel partook of the offerings given to the Lord. The Levites continued to worship the Lord by offering daily and following the commandments of the Lord. However, the majority of the chapter is comprised of songs of praise written by David that we also see in Psalm 96 and Psalm 105.
Sing to the Lord, all the earth! Tell of his salvation from day to day. Declare his glory among the nations, his marvelous works among the peoples! | 1 Chronicles 16:23-24 and Psalm 96:1-3
- 1 Chronicles 17-18 | (2 Samuel 7-8) David, Nathan, and the Lord discuss a permanent resting place for the ark – the Lord makes an everlasting covenant with David – David responds with gratitude – David continues to defeat his enemies and rule Israel with justice and equity: These chapters directly correlate to 2 Samuel 7-8, and they are pivotal chapters in understanding the expanse of the Word of God as a whole. In his rest, David had a desire to establish a “house of cedar” for the ark of God. After all, he himself lived in a home, so why would the ark of God be confined to a tent? Nathan is then directed by the Lord to speak countless prophetic words to David, which have all come true.
He encouraged David and promised to make him a great name.
He promised to appoint a place for the Israelites so that they would not be disturbed anymore.
He promised to raise David’s offspring who would establish a house for the Lord.
He promised to establish his kingdom forever and to discipline him when iniquity is committed, but he promised never to leave him as he had left Saul.
And finally, He promised to establish David’s throne forever.
David could do nothing but respond in complete humility and gratitude:
Then King David went in and sat before the Lord and said,”Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my house, that you have brought me thus far?…And now, O Lord God, you are God, and your words are true, and you have promised this good thing to your servant. Now therefore may it please you to bless the house of your servant, so that it may continue forever before you. For you, O Lord God, have spoken, and with your blessing shall the house of your servant be blessed forever.” | 2 Samuel 7:18, 27-29
After such a wonderfully prophetic exchange, David continued to have perfect success over all the enemies of Israel. He subdued them and dedicated the silver and gold to the Lord. The Lord gave him victory wherever he went, and David “administered justice and equity to all his people.” Finally, in stark contrast to Saul who had sought the wisdom of men first (1 Samuel 14), it becomes clear that David clearly sought the wisdom of the Lord first and depended on his men second, which is essential for any king (or priests, like us).
- 1 Chronicles 19 | (2 Samuel 10) A new generation of Ammonites forgets the memory of their father and rises up against David, David strikes down the Syrians, and he subdues the Ammonites: In 2 Samuel 10, we learn of David’s respect of Nahash, the king of Ammon, because he “dealt loyally” with David, but with the death of Nahash and the dawn of a new generation, Hanun, his son, that respect seemed to be lost much like the forgetfulness of the Israelites. David sent servants to console Hanun because of his fathers death, but he was subtly swayed by the voices of the princes of the Ammonites causing him to act unfavorably against David’s servants. The Ammonites then hired soldiers (possibly because they had been gravely defeated by Saul in 1 Samuel 10) from Syria, Maacah, and Tob to fight for them against David. David commissioned Joab and Abishai to go and conquer the Ammonites, and upon facing the armies of Israel, the Syrians and the Ammonites fled. When the Syrians regrouped and gathered against Israel again, David met them in battle and killed more than 40,000 men including their commander, Shobach. After the mighty blow, the Ammonites finally “made peace with Israel and became subject to them.”
- 1 Chronicles 20 | (2 Samuel) Ammonites are struck down at Rabbah – David and his men continue to prevail by killing Philistine Giants: David completely struck down the Ammonites by way of the general Joab, and he captured their cities and set them to labor. Interestingly we see this in 2 Samuel 11, but we also see that it is while the Israelites are at war that David lusts after Bathsheba and plots to murder her husband Uriah! After this war with the Ammonites, the Philistine giants (one who was even Goliath’s brother!) came up against the men of Israel, but David’s mighty men struck them down one by one. The Israelites were reminded in all of this of King David’s great success over his enemies (even Giants!) because of the power of the Lord.