By now, you probably know the drill. If you are new, this series, as you may have deciphered, is an outline of the entire Bible, book by good ol’ book. If you want to truly know your King, you can follow this link to read all of the current portions to date!
Previously in 1 Chronicles… After we see Israel fall to the Assyrian empire and Judah to the Babylonian empire, we come to the book of 1 Chronicles. The first 8 chapters of the book describe the genealogies of the children of Israel with a particular focus on establishing the 12 tribes, the lineage of David through Seth, Noah, and Judah, and the lineage of Saul. This is a reminder to the exiled Israelites of their past, and it sets the stage to describe the events that unfolded during the lives of King Saul and King David. The reminder begins with the death of Saul and his sons in battle and the exaltation of David as King by the people of Israel! Last week we were reminded of much of David’s life including his mighty men, his victory over the Philistines, and his attempt to return the ark to Jerusalem. However, we also see a glimpse of the Lord’s incomprehensible holiness as Uzzah was struck down for trying to steady the ark when the oxen holding it stumbled. Frightened by the death of Uzzah, David left the ark outside of Jerusalem in the house of Obed-edom for a period of 3 months. As the saga of David continues, we finally see the ark brought to Jerusalem and placed in a tent. Although David had intentions of building a house for the Lord (Temple), the Lord promised that his son would do it instead. David continued to reign over the Israelites mightily, and the Lord continued to use him to strike down his enemies all around. Although he would not build the temple, David began preparations for it nonetheless. We learn that a young Solomon takes the throne as David was in his old age, and David worked to organize the people to take care of the nation starting with the Levites and Aaronic priests over the house of the Lord.
BEFORE READING MORE – It would be ideal if you read the chapters to be discussed prior to looking through the outline! This week we are covering 1 Chronicles 25 – 29.
1 CHRONICLES – After reading the history of Israel and Judah from Genesis through 1st and 2nd Kings, we come to 1 Chronicles. At the end of 2 Kings, we are left with the 10 tribes of Israel under the captivity of Assyria, and the tribes of Judah (Judah, Benjamin, and the Levites) under Babylonian captivity. The Book of 1 Chronicles rehashes the genealogies established from Genesis to 2 Kings. It seems as though the book is written as a refresher or reminder of the history of the captive nation with a particular focus on the lineage of David within the nation of Judah. In 1 Chronicles we learn of the line of David and the descendants of all 12 tribes traced all the way back to Adam, but there is particular emphasis on David, no doubt because the Lord had established his kingdom forever! After the genealogies, the history lesson begins with death of Saul and the anointing of David as King over Israel. The reminder continues in great detail throughout this chapter till the point of David’s death and Solomon’s anointing as King in his place.
- 1 Chronicles 25-27 | Musicians for the Lord are established – The guards are established at the gates – Levites are placed in charge of the treasuries of the Lord – Men are placed in charge of external duties – The men of war are divided – The Leaders of the tribes are listed – The overseers of the King’s treasuries are listed: In these few chapters we read, in great detail, of the organization of the kingdom implemented by king David. Chapter 25 describes skilled men who were trained in singing to the Lord (a total of 288), and they were tasked with different duties to bring music in the house of the Lord. In chapter 26 the gatekeepers of the temple and their divisions are described in great detail as they manned the gates and corners and colonnades of the house of the Lord. In the same chapter we also read of those in charge of the treasuries of the house of the Lord and those in charge of external duties – to be officers and judges throughout the land. Finally, in chapter 27 we read of the divisions of the military (12 divisions of 24,000 men each) and their leaders who served the king. The latter part of the chapter also lists the leaders of the tribes of Israel, the commander of the army (Joab), the counsel of the king (Jehoiada and Abiathar), and the different men in charge of the king’s treasuries and property. The amazing part is that there are names and specific families and tribes listed for almost every person grounding the nation of Israel , and the Word really, in historical evidence!
- 1 Chronicles 28 |David proclaims Solomon as King – David tells the nations that Solomon will build the Temple – David encourages Solomon: Finally after all the preparation and planning, David gathered together all of the leaders and officers of the nation and proclaimed to them the goodness of the Lord. He told the people that the Lord has anointed him and blessed him and that his heart desired to build a house for Him, but the Lord ordained that David would not build the house but rather, his son, Solomon. So David encouraged the people to continue seeking the Lord, and he proclaimed Solomon as king over Israel encouraging him in his heavenly purpose. He encourages him just as you would expect a Father to do for his son:
“And you, Solomon my son, know the God of your father and serve him with a whole heart and with a willing mind, for the Lord searches all hearts and understands every plan and thought. If you seek him, he will be found by you,” | 1 Chronicles 28:9
But he also warned his son:
“But if you forsake him, he will cast you off forever. Be careful now, for the Lord has chosen you to build a house for the sanctuary; be strong and do it.” | 1 Chronicles 28:9-10
Then David gave Solomon the plans and information of all that was prepared for him to erect the Temple for the Lord. He again encouraged Solomon:
Then David said to Solomon his son, “Be strong and courageous and do it. Do not be afraid and do not be dismayed, for the Lord God, even my God, is with you. He will not leave you or forsake you, until all the work for the service of the house of the Lord is finished.” | 1 Chronicles 28:20
- 1 Chronicles 29 |The people give freely to the Lord – David praises the Lord – The people sacrifice to the Lord in thanksgiving – Solomon sits on the throne as King – David dies: With all the assembly together, David continued to honor the Lord in all things by essentially “passing the baton” over to Solomon. David recognized that Solomon was young and inexperienced, which is why he diligently began preparations on his son’s behalf. In Chapter 29, David proclaims all that he gave and gathered for the Temple and for the Lord, and he calls upon the assembly to give as well. Then we see the amazing unity of the people as they give immense wealth for the Lord.
Then the people rejoiced because they had given willingly for with a whole heart they had offered freely to the Lord. David the king also rejoiced greatly. | 1 Chronicles 29:9
David praised the Lord for his goodness and the people rejoiced. They worshiped him with words and with sacrifices.
“Both riches and honor come from you, and you rule over all. In your hand are power and might, and in your hand it is to make great and to give strength to all. And now we thank you, our God, and praise your glorious name.” | 1 Chronicles 29:12-13
David continued by praising the Lord and pleading of Him to give Solomon the same “whole” heart for his Heavenly father. And so, Solomon was anointed, a second time, and he sat on the throne of the Lord as king. He prospered and the Lord made him great in the eyes of all. At the end of the chapter we see that David reigned over Israel for 40 years, 7 years in Hebron and 33 years in Jerusalem, which are documented in Samuel, Kings, and 1 Chronicles.
“Then he died at a good age, full of days, riches, and honor” | 1 Chronicles 29:28