By now, you probably know the drill. If you are new, this series, as you may have deciphered, is an outline of the entire Bible, book by good ol’ book. If you want to truly know your King, you can follow this link to read all of the current portions to date!
Previously in 1 Chronicles… After reading the history of Israel and Judah from Genesis through 1st and 2nd Kings, we come to 1 Chronicles. At the end of 2 Kings, we are left with the 10 tribes of Israel under the captivity of Assyria, and the tribes of Judah (Judah, Benjamin, and the Levites) under Babylonian captivity. The Book of 1 Chronicles rehashes the genealogies established from Genesis to 2 Kings. It seems as though the book is written as a refresher or reminder of the history of the captive nation with a particular focus on the lineage of David within the nation of Judah. In 1 Chronicles we learn of the line of David and the descendants of all 12 tribes traced all the way back to Adam, but there is particular emphasis on David, no doubt because the Lord had established his kingdom forever! After the genealogies, the history lesson begins with death of Saul and the anointing of David as King over Israel. The reminder continues in great detail throughout this book till the point of David’s death and Solomon’s anointing as King in his place.
BEFORE READING MORE – It would be ideal if you read the chapters to be discussed prior to looking through the outline! This week we are covering 2 Chronicles 1 – 5.
2 CHRONICLES – After the death of David, 2 Chronicles begins with the powerful reign of his son, Solomon. 2 Chronicles essentially follows the history of 1 Kings and 2 Kings with a focus on the nation of Judah, which split from Israel after Solomon’s reign. This focus was no doubt because of King David who’s throne was to be established forever in Christ, the lion of Judah. For all his wisdom, Solomon clearly experienced all the vanity of the world and was eventually swayed by other gods during his lifetime. Because of his unfaithfulness, Israel was stripped from the house of David and given to Jeroboam, but the Lord allowed David’s line to rule separately over the tribe of Judah because of His promise to David and David’s faithfulness. Unfortunately, as we know, the tribe of Judah, much like the rest of Israel, had many ups and downs and slowly declined to the point of falling into captivity under the Babylonian empire, rounding out the book.
- 2 Chronicles 1 (1 Kings 3-4) | Solomon established as king – Solomon and the people offer worship to the Lord – Solomon asks for wisdom rather than riches – The Lord blesses him with all things nonetheless: At the end of 1 Chronicles we saw the death of king David, and 2 Chronicles begins with the established reign of his son through Bathsheba, Solomon. Immediately in his reign, Solomon rallied the people and offered thousands of burnt offerings on the brazen altar right outside the tabernacle of the Lord in Gibeon. Shortly after this great act of worship, the Lord inquires of Solomon “Ask what I shall give you.” Solomon, in humility, asked for wisdom and knowledge to lead the people of the Lord above all, and the Lord responded:
“Because this was in your heart, and you have not asked for possessions, wealth, honor, or the life of those who hate you, and have not even asked for long life, but have asked for wisdom and knowledge for yourself that you may govern my people over whom I have made you king, wisdom and knowledge are granted to you. I will also give you riches, possessions, and honor, such as none of the kings had who were before you, and none after you shall have the like.” | 2 Chronicles 1:11-12
And so Solomon was blessed immensely to the point where silver and gold were as common as stone in Jerusalem!
- 2 Chronicles 2-4 (1 Kings 5-7) | Solomon reaches out to Hiram for skilled labor = The layout of the Temple is described in detail – The parts of the Temple are described in detail: After establishing his reign, Solomon quickly stepped into the blessed promise that was to be fulfilled through him. He began final preparations to construct the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah. He reached out to Hiram, king of Tyre, to help construct the temple. King Hiram obliged the request and showed great reverence for Solomon, Israel, and even the Lord, which is surprising to hear from a man who was most likely not a believer:
Hiram also said, “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, who made heaven and earth, who has given King David a wise son, who has discretion and understanding, who will build a temple for the Lord and a royal palace for himself.” | 2 Chronicles 2:12
So Hiram sent a skilled contractor to oversee the work along with many craftsmen and materials. Chapter 3 continues to describe the detailed layout and size of the Temple from the outer court to the holy place to the Most Holy Place, and Chapter 4 describes the detailed furniture and equipment that was created to be used within the temple, which result in the end of Hiram’s commission.
- 2 Chronicles 5 (1 Kings 8) | Solomon transferred the items and gold dedicated by David into the temple – The people gather and bring the ark into its final resting place – the glory of the Lord filled the temple: The Temple was finally finished! Solomon brought all that his father had set aside and dedicated to the Lord into the treasuries of the Temple. Finally the earthly resting place of the Lord was ready, so Solomon gathered together the assembly, and the people went and retrieved the ark. The people sacrificed and praised the Lord as the priests transferred the ark of the covenant into its final resting place within the Most Holy Place (it is written that the cherubim made of wood and overlaid with gold spread out their wings over the ark to cover it after it was placed). As the priests emerged from the holy place, the appointed people played and sang in praise to the Lord saying, “For he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever,” and the Temple was filled with the glory of the Lord, which was like a cloud.