By now, you probably know the drill. If you are new to this, this series, as you may have deciphered, is an outline of the entire Bible, book by good ol’ book. If you want to truly know your King, you can follow this link to read all of the current portions to date!
Previously in 2 Samuel…A fleeing David heard of the death of Saul and Jonathan, and while relief may have been expected, David responded in grief instead. He mourned the death of his brother, Jonathan, and the Lord’s anointed, Saul. However this led to him finally being anointed King over Israel, although Abner, Saul’s general, attempted but failed to continue the reign of Saul’s lineage through his son, Ish-bosheth. As the new King, David conquered and established Zion, the city of David (aka Jerusalem), struck down the Philistines, and brought the ark back to Jerusalem. After so many years of war, flight, murder, and death, David finally found rest, and at that time the Lord spoke to him through Nathan, the prophet, promising him that his kingdom would be established forever! David responded to the Lord’s unmerited favor in complete humility for such an undeserved gift.
BEFORE READING MORE – It would be ideal if you read the chapters to be discussed prior to looking through the outline! This week we are covering 2 Samuel 9 – 15.
2 SAMUEL – The second book of Samuel chronicles the majority of David’s life as King of Israel. From the death of Saul to David’s old age, we get a compact snapshot of all that David faced and did for the Lord. In the first book of Samuel we saw David’s anointing as king, but we also saw grave opposition from Saul, the current ruler, which took the form of relentless pursuit. David showed great character as Saul constantly tried to take his life, and he was established as a man after God’s own heart. In 2 Samuel he finally takes on the mantle of King, but the man after God’s own heart was far from perfect. Amongst his countless victories and empowered rule as King, we also see clear failings (sin). Those failings had frightening consequences, but the Lord was faithful to see through them and to hold fast to the promise to establish David’s kingdom forever! The book introduces many characters including Nathan, the prophet, Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, Joab, David’s general, Bathsheba, Uriah’s wife, Absalom, Solomon, and many more! All of these men and women play an important role in defining the heart of man towards God and the propensity of the same to sin, and we also see the terrible consequences of allowing the fruit of sin to come forth. But above all, we are constantly reminded of the Lord’s faithfulness and power to redeem all no matter the circumstance.
- 2 Samuel 9 | Mephibosheth experiences the Love of the Lord through David’s reflection of God’s glory: In 2 Samuel 7, the Lord speaks through Nathan, the prophet, and promised David many great things, which culminated in the promise that the throne of his kingdom would be established forever. And David responded simply by saying:
Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my house, that you have brought me thus far? | 2 Samuel 7: 18
The grace shown by the Lord towards David clearly illuminated him and in 2 Samuel 9, David reflected that glory in a beautiful way! David sought out anyone left in the house of Saul, and he found Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan that was crippled as learned in 2 Samuel 4. David restored all that Saul had to Mephibosheth, and he promised him a seat at his table always! Mephibosheth responded, much like David responded to the grace of the Lord, by saying: “What is your servant, that you should show regard for a dead dog such as I? | 2 Samuel 9:8 This little exchange in 2 Samuel 7 and 2 Samuel 9 is a wonderful example of the grace of God and how we are the reflection of such Light! It is an example of Christ who was the image of the invisible God come down to earth to make it known that it is “not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son” to die for us!
- 2 Samuel 10 | A new generation of Ammonites forgets the memory of their father and rises up against David, David strikes down the Syrians, and he subdues the Ammonites: In 2 Samuel 10, we learn of David’s respect of Nahash, the king of Ammon, because he “dealt loyally” with David, but with the death of Nahash and the dawn of a new generation, Hanun, his son, that respect seemed to be lost much like the forgetfulness of the Israelites. David sent servants to console Hanun because of his fathers death, but he was subtly swayed by the voices of the princes of the Ammonites causing him to act unfavorably against David’s servants. The Ammonites then hired soldiers (possibly because they had been gravely defeated by Saul in 1 Samuel 10) from Syria, Maacah, and Tob to fight for them against David. David commissioned Joab and Abishai to go and conquer the Ammonites, and upon facing the armies of Israel, the Syrians and the Ammonites fled. When the Syrians regrouped and gathered against Israel again, David met them in battle and killed more than 40,000 men including their commander, Shobach. After the mighty blow, the Ammonites finally “made peace with Israel and became subject to them.”
- 2 Samuel 11-12 | David lusts after Bathsheba, Uriah’s wife, he acts on his lust, Bathsheba conceives, David “secretly” murders Uriah, he takes Bathsheba as his wife, the Lord rebukes David through Nathan, the Lord forgives David’s sin, but the child suffers the consequence, Solomon is born, and David conquers the cities of the Ammonites:
But each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire. Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and sin when it is fully grown brings forth death. | James 1:14-15
In this account, we clearly see the progression of sin through David’s choices, and we also see a glimpse of the Lord’s mercy, justice, and grace! David was drawn by his own desire as he witnessed Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah, bathing. Then his desire gave birth to sin as he beckoned her over and laid with her. Once the two learned that Bathsheba had conceived, David sent for Uriah, in which seems like an attempt in getting him to lay with Bathsheba and fooling him into believing the child was his so that David’s sin would be hidden. However, Uriah displays great righteousness as he refused to sleep in the comfort of his house when the armies of Israel stayed in tents. David is forced to scheme, and he plotted to have Uriah murdered by placing him on the front lines of the war. Joab was ordered to do so, and although many mighty men of Israel fell alongside him, Uriah was killed as well. After a time of morning, David swiftly married Bathsheba. In Chapter 12, Nathan went to David with a story of a rich man who had all that and a poor man who had only one lamb that he cherished. Nathan claimed the rich man would not use anything of his own when guests arrived, but he instead took the poor man’s cherished lamb and slaughtered it for a feast. As soon as David’s anger was kindled against the rich man this is what Nathan said:
Nathan said to David, “You are the man! Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel,’I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you out of the hand of Saul. And I gave you your master’s house and your master’s wives into your arms and gave you the house of Israel and of Judah. And if this were to little, I would add to you as much more. Why have you despised the word of the Lord, to do what is evil in his sight? | 2 Samuel 12:7-9
The Lord cursed David for his transgression, and Nathan foretold of evil in David’s house that would rise up against him. He promised to take away David’s wives, and while David’s sin was done secretly, the Lord promised to punish him before all Israel. However, the Lord shows him mercy without withholding His justice and holiness:
“The Lord also has put away your sin; you shall not die. Nevertheless, because by this deed you have utterly scorned the Lord, the child who is born to you shall die.” | 2 Samuel 12:13-14
David prays and fasts on behalf of the child to no avail because the child died on the seventh day. But there was grace shown by the Lord because David consoled Bathsheba, and she conceived again giving birth to a son named Solomon, “beloved of the Lord”. After this bizarre succession of events, David and Joab continued to conquer the cities of the Ammonites. It seems as though David indulges a little too much in the spoils of war at the end of the chapter? I haven’t tried to follow that through the Word yet, but it could explain the slow fade of the Israelites and David in the coming chapters.
- 2 Samuel 13 – 14 | Evil rises up in David’s house against him, Amnon rapes his half-sister Tamar, Absalom murders Amnon, Absalom flees,and David doesn’t reconcile with Absalom for years: As a direct result of David’s sin, we see evil rise up in the midst of David’s house through Absalom, his son. Amnon, one of David’s sons, lusted after his half-sister Tamar, sister of Absalom, and hearkened to the council of his friend plotting to be sick so that he could request Tamar’s presence. Amnon made a move towards Tamar when she was in the room alone with him, but she swiftly refused because of the inherent evil. Unfortunately, Amnon acted on his desire, raped Tamar, and kicked her out onto the streets. It seems as though Absalom harbored a hatred towards Amnon for two full years, and that hatred caused him to plot against Amnon and eventually kill him. After the grave deed, Absalom fled to his hometown of Geshur, where his mother was from, and he lived there for years. David’s heart and spirit longed to go after Absalom and reconcile with his son, but David was so caught up in himself that he never did! This was a horrible mistake because Absaloms heart must’ve festered for years and years as it did against Amnon. Eventually, Joab hired a woman to come to David with a story that would reveal the truth of his situation as Nathan had done after David sinned with Bathseba. David was convicted, and he ordered Joab to bring Absalom back to Jerusalem. Unfortunately, Absalom “lived apart in his own house and did not come into the king’s presence” again for years, although they were in the same city. This is where it becomes clear that Absalom still harbored some sort of evil or hatred:
There were born to Absalom three sons, and one daughter whose name was Tamar. She was a beautiful woman. So Absalom lived two full years in Jerusalem, without coming into the king’s presence. | 2 Samuel 14: 27-28
Absalom named his only daughter after his sister who had been violated. Although Amnon had been murdered, Absalom still clung to conflict, and the fact that David severed his ties with Absalom for so many years must’ve hardened the young man’s heart in horrible ways. Absalom called for Joab who lived right next to him, and when he doesn’t respond, Absalom decided to set his field on fire to get a response. Joab finally gets Absalom a moment with the King David, but after years upon years upon years, Absalom bowed his face to the ground and the king kissed him. Thats it?!?
- 2 Samuel 15 | Absalom wins the heart of the people, he conspires against David, and David flees Jerusalem across the brook Kidron: In Chapter 15, Absalom really explodes. He would rise in the morning and converse with men coming through the gate for judgement. He subtly worked his way among the men and “stole” the hearts of the Israelites. He then subtly deceived the king into letting him go to Hebron for worship, but instead, he got secret messengers to proclaim him as king. Eventually the conspiracy was so great that David fled Jerusalem with the majority of his servants. He left behind 10 concubines, his priests, and others who would inform him of Absalom’s dealings.
When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples across the brook Kidron where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place for Jesus often met there with his disciples. | John 18: 1-2
After being betrayed by his own son, David and his followers fled across the brook Kidron to the Mount of Olives where they all wept bitterly as they walked. This account is eerily similar to John 18 and Matthew 26, in which Jesus and his disciples cross the brook Kidron, and the Lord is burdened and sorrowful praying 3 times to his Father about the betrayal that is to take place on the Mount of Olives by Judas. David clearly foreshadows the betrayal and rejection of Jesus Christ.