By now, you probably know the drill. If you are new, this series, as you may have deciphered, is an outline of the entire Bible, book by good ol’ book. If you want to truly know your King, you can follow this link to read all of the current portions to date!
Previously in 2 Kings… Following the aftermath of the evil king Ahab and his evil wife Jezebel, 2 Kings begins with the final days of Elijah. Elijah is eventually taken up to heaven, and Elisha takes his place as prophesied in 1 Kings. We then see much of what Elijah prophesied come to pass. As prophesied, Elisha serves the Lord mightily after Elijah. As prophesied, Ahab and his line are completely destroyed. As prophesied, Jezebel is killed and eaten by dogs. As prophesied, Hazael takes the mantel of Syrian king. As prophesied, Jehu is appointed over Israel. We see so much come to fruition and despite all the evil that persists among the people, we still see hope through many good rulers and deeds through people such as Elisha, King Hezekiah, King Jotham, King Josiah, and even people outside of the Kingdom of Israel like Naaman, the Syrian general. As a whole, the reign of the Kings of Israel and Judah are continued in this book, but we see the steady downfall of both kingdoms. Eventually, the divided nation comes to a tipping point, and we see the complete fall of both. We see Israel fall to the Assyrian empire and shortly after, we see Judah fall to the Babylonian empire. Through it all though, we continue to see the faithfulness, mercy, and judgement of the Lord.
BEFORE READING MORE – It would be ideal if you read the chapters to be discussed prior to looking through the outline! This week we are covering 1 Chronicles 1 – 8.
1 CHRONICLES – After reading of the history of Israel and Judah from Genesis through 1st and 2nd Kings, we come to 1 Chronicles. At the end of 2 Kings, we were left with the 10 tribes of Israel under the captivity of Assyria, and the tribes of Judah (Judah, Benjamin, and the Levites) under Babylonian captivity. The Book of 1 Chronicles rehashes the genealogies established from Genesis to 2 Kings. It seems as though the book is written as a refresher or reminder of the history of the captive nation with a particular focus on the lineage of David within the nation of Judah. In 1 Chronicles we learn of the line of David and the descendants of all 12 tribes traced all the way back to Adam, but there is particular emphasis on David, no doubt because the Lord had established his kingdom forever! After the genealogies, the history lesson begins with death of Saul and the anointing of David as King over Israel. The reminder continues in great detail throughout this chapter till the point of David’s death and Solomon’s anointing as King in his place.
- 1 Chronicles 1 | Abraham from the line of Seth – the genealogy of Isaac and Ishmael: There are many names listed in the beginning chapters of 1 Chronicles, but the most important lineage to track is that of King David. Nonetheless, it is impressive how the generations from the beginning of time are so clearly documented. In the first chapter we learn of the lineage of Abraham who comes from Shem, son of Noah. Shem was a direct descendant of Seth, son of Adam. Verses 1-4 describe the succession from Adam to Noah, and verse 24-27 describe the succession of Shem to Abraham. The latter part of the chapter continues to describe the family of Abraham through Ishmael, Isaac, and the sons that he had with Keturah, his concubine. The emphasis on the second half of the chapter is on the descendants of Abraham through Esau (Isaac’s son), Ishmael, and Keturah rather than through Jacob aka Israel (Isaac’s son).
- 1 Chronicles 2 | The sons of Israel documented – The sons of Judah – Redemption through the evil relationship with Tamar – the lineage of King David through Judah: At the start of the chapter, the 12 sons of Jacob are listed: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. Remember from the book of Numbers that 10 sons of Jacob (Reuben, Simeon, Gad, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin, Dan, Asher, and Naphtali) and 2 sons of Joseph (Ephraim and Manasseh) formed the 12 tribes of Israel because the Levites were set apart for the Lord. 1 Chronicles 2 goes on to focus on the line of Judah and the lineage of David in particular. Judah – Perez (an example of grace as he was conceived out of the deception of Judah’s widowed daughter-in-law, Tamar; the Lord redeemed Judah through Perez, who is the ancestor of David) – Hezron – Ram – Amminadab – Nahshon – Salma – Boaz (husband of Ruth) – Obed – Jesse – David. Aside from the genealogy of king David from the line of Judah, the chapter continues to describe the other descendants of the tribe of Judah.
- 1 Chronicles 3 | The descendants of King David described: In chapter 3 we learn of the descendants of King David. Every son is listed, but the majority of the chapter focuses on the line through Solomon, David’s son with Bath-sheba. Again we see grace and redemption through a relationship that had a selfish and sinful start. The descendants of Solomon from the Kings through the Babylonian captivity seem to be listed in great detail.
- 1 Chronicles 4-5 | The descendants of each of the tribes of Israel documented – Judah, Simeon, Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh: In the 4th chapter, the descendants of the tribe of Judah are described in further detail expounding on chapter 3, and the descendants of the tribe of Simeon are described. In chapter 5 we learn of the descendants of Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh.
- 1 Chronicles 6 | The descendants of Levi – the descendants of Aaron: This chapter documents the line of Levites that were set apart by the Lord to serve him and the priest, and we read of the descendants of the priesthood through Aaron, brother of Moses and descendant of Levi. At the end of the chapter we also see a description of the allotment of land given to the Levites for their use.
- 1 Chronicles 7 | Documentation of the descendants of the tribes of Israel continued – Issachar, Benjamin, Naphtali, Manasseh, Ephraim, and Asher: In this chapter we learn of the descendants of Issachar, Benjamin, Naphtali, Manasseh, Ephraim, and Asher.
- 1 Chronicles 8 | The descendants of Benjamin described in further detail – king Saul defined as a descendant of Benjamin: In the last chapter of genealogies in the book of 1 Chronicles, the stage is set for the history lesson to begin. We read in further detail of the descendants of Benjamin, and we learn that Saul, the first anointed king over Israel, was a direct descendant of Benjamin.