In my last post, I began the task of outlining the Books of the Bible. I see this as a way to establish my understanding of the Word of God as a whole, and I hope that this would be a tool for others to seek truth from His Word as well! Last week we outlined the Book of Genesis; this week we begin with Exodus. In Genesis we saw the events that led to the creation of Israel, God’s holy nation. The Book of Genesis ended with the nation of Israel establishing a close relationship with the Egyptians through Joseph, and now in Exodus, we begin to see how that relationship turns south.
Moses is the archetype in Exodus that puts complete trust in the Lord:
23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. 24 By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25 choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, 26 considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. Hebrews 11:24-26
***AGAIN – If I miss anything, please comment and let me know what should be added to the list, and I may come back and edit these posts to include more information as it is discovered!***
EXODUS – Exodus is a metaphorical account of sin. The Israelites are in bondage under the Egyptians, and they desperately need a savior, and that savior is Moses. He is a representation of Christ, and he is a servant and messenger of God. God uses Moses to deliver the Israelites out of the hand of the Egyptians, and He uses Moses to deliver the first covenant to the Israelites. The first covenant offers redemption for the Israelites, but it seems as though no man could ever abide by it. It constantly points towards the need for a new and everlasting covenant (Galatians 3:11) Exodus is a beautiful image of bondage under sin and God’s merciful deliverance from that bondage.
- Exodus 1 | Israel under a new Pharaoh: Exodus immediately begins with a significant transition in Israel’s relationship with Egypt. After the death of Joseph, a new king came into the scene. This king did not know Joseph, and he did not have the same reverence for the Israelites that the previous king had. He only saw that the Israelites were too mighty (the promise to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob fulfilled), so he placed the Israelites under bondage and went so far as to order every son to be “cast into the river” in order to control their might.
- Exodus 2 – Exodus 4 | Moses is born and called by the Lord: By the guidance of the Lord, we see Moses established as the key player for the nation of Israel. Moses is protected from the Pharaoh’s decree, and he is ironically raised within the Pharaoh’s household itself! It seems as though Moses knows that he is an Israelite. He murders an Egyptian for persecuting his brethren, and he flees Egypt to Midian for fear of his life. It is in the land of Midian that Moses is called by God through miracle of the burning bush. These chapters are particularly interesting because Moses is a blatant sinner, but the Lord clearly calls Him to action regardless of his sin. Moses murders and questions the Lord directly, but the Lord still sees him fit for service! As Moses witnesses the miraculous burning bush (the power of the Lord), he is adamant that he cannot speak well, and the Lord angrily appoints Aaron, Moses’ brother, to be his voice since Moses had no trust in the Lord’s power! Near the end, the Lord prophetically reveals that the Pharaoh will harden his heart and will not let the Israelites go.
- Exodus 5 – Exodus 14 | Redemption by God’s mighty hand of judgement; the plagues, the passover, the pillar of fire, the red sea: These chapters contain familiar stories that document the judgement of the Lord on the Egyptians, and more importantly, we see the deliverance of the Israelites out of bondage. The Lord uses Moses and Aaron to turn the Pharaoh from 180 degrees from not letting the Israelites go to completely forcing them out of the land! Moses and Aaron follow the Lord’s command and display great signs and miracles to the Egyptians, but Pharaoh’s heart was constantly hardened. Ironically, it took the death of all the first born, the very command that was once charged against the Israelites, to change his heart. The passover was established to save the first born of the Israelites, and it foreshadows to Christ who is our passover lamb. The death of the first born cause Pharaoh to force the Israelites out, but he quickly changes his heart and chases after them as if the miracles that he had seen the Lord do were not enough to convince him of Israel’s importance. His vain chase abruptly ended as the Lord rightly judged them in the Red Sea.
- Exodus 15 – Exodus 18 | Praise the Lord, but quick to forget on the way to Mount Sinai: After a wondrous exit from Egypt, the Israelites are directed towards Mount Sinai. In Chapter 15 they offer up words of praise to the Lord, but as they are on their way to Sinai, they quickly forget the marvelous miracles that the Lord had preformed before their very eyes. They complain of thirst, hunger, and war, and Moses is left to judge their inquiries. However, upon the advice of his father in law, Jethro, Moses is guided to teach able men the laws of the Lord so that they may bear the burden of judging matters for the people.
- Exodus 19 – Exodus 24 | The arrival at Mount Sinai; the first covenant is established: This is where God establishes his covenant with the nation of Israel. The Israelites arrive and camp at the base of Mount Sinai, and Moses immediately travels up into the mount to converse with God. God claims that Israel will be his “own possession among all peoples”; they will be “a kingdom of priests and a holy nation”. God sets them apart, and he proceeds to give them the law that will help them live in that way. The law includes the ten commandments and other ordinances required for living their life as a holy nation.
- Exodus 25 – Exodus 40 | The Tabernacle is established: The second major ordinance that was established on the mount was the use of the Tabernacle. This structure was specifically and intricately designed to house the glory of God. The line of Aaron was appointed as priests to minister unto the Lord through the use of the tabernacle, and it was created as a method of access to God’s presence through sanctification for the purpose of worship. These chapters show the unwavering requirements for the Tabernacle, and they document its construction. Immediately after the Tabernacle is completed, it is filled with the glory of the Lord. (In these chapters we also see a glimpse of the unfaithfulness of the Israelites as they construct a golden calf to worship as if they had completely forgotten the mercy of the Lord)
Exodus again proves the need for a savior by foreshadowing Christ through the archetype of Moses and by establishing the first covenant that no man could be saved by. This book begins with the bondage of Israel, and it ends with their deliverance into the merciful hand of the Lord. The Lord reveals his first covenant with the Israelites calling them a “kingdom of priests”, and we see this covenant established through the law and through the tabernacle. Exodus ends with the “cloud of the Lord” above the tabernacle for all the Israelites to see, and Leviticus continues to document the law and the tabernacle. In Leviticus, we will see how the Israelites utilized the tabernacle as their tool for worship through sacrifice.